Who Is At Risk?

In the UK, about 1 in 8 men will get prostate cancer at some point in their lives.

Factors which may increase your chances of getting prostate disease or cancer are:

Age – Prostate cancer mainly affects men over the age of 50 and your risk increases with age. The average age for men to be diagnosed with prostate cancer is between 70 and 74 years. If you are under 50 then your risk of getting prostate cancer is very low. Younger men can be affected, but this is rare.

Family history – You are three times more likely to get prostate cancer if your father or brother has been diagnosed with it, compared to a man who has no relatives with prostate cancer. There might be a higher chance of a man developing prostate cancer if his relative was under 60 when he was diagnosed or he had more than one close relative with prostate cancer. Researchers have found some characteristics in genes that might be passed on through your parents and could increase your risk of developing prostate cancer. Only 5-10% of prostate cancers are thought to be strongly linked to genes.

Ethnicity – In the UK, men of black Caribbean or black African descent are three times more likely to develop prostate cancer than white men of the same age. They may also develop prostate cancer at an earlier age than white men. The reasons for this increased risk are not yet clear but may be due to changes in their genes passed down through generations.

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